• Svalbard and jan mayen islands flag

    Svalbard and jan mayen islands flag

    Situated north of mainland Europeit is about midway between the northern coast of Norway and the North Pole. The islands were first used as a base by whalers who sailed far north in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which they were abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established. They also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone.

    Other settlements are farther north, but are populated only by rotating groups of researchers. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobilesaircraft and boats are used for inter-community transport.

    Svalbard Airport, Longyear serves as the main gateway. The archipelago features an Arctic climatealthough with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude. The flora take advantage of the long period of midnight sun to compensate for the polar night. Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and also features polar bearsreindeerthe Arctic foxand certain marine mammals.

    Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, natural environment. While part of the Kingdom of Norway sinceSvalbard is not part of geographical Norway; administratively, the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian countybut forms an unincorporated area administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government, and a special jurisdiction subject to the Svalbard Treaty that is outside of the Schengen Areathe Nordic Passport Union and the European Economic Area.

    Both areas are administered by Norway, though they are separated by a distance of over kilometres miles; nautical miles and have very different administrative structures. The name Spitsbergen originated with Dutch navigator and explorer Willem Barentszwho described the "pointed mountains" or, in Dutch, spitse bergen that he saw on the west coast of the main island, Spitsbergen.

    Barentsz did not recognize that he had discovered an archipelago, and consequently the name Spitsbergen long remained in use both for the main island and for the archipelago as a whole. Since Svalbard is located north of the Arctic Circleit experiences midnight sun in summer and polar night in winter.

    Longyearbyen sees the first and last day of polar night having seven and a half hours of twilight, whereas the perpetual light lasts for two weeks longer than the midnight sun.

    The landforms of Svalbard were created through repeated ice ageswhen glaciers cut the former plateau into fjords, valleys, and mountains. The Dutchman Willem Barentsz made the first discovery of the archipelago inwhen he sighted the coast of the island of Spitsbergen while searching for the Northern Sea Route.

    Annual expeditions soon followed, and Spitsbergen became a base for hunting the bowhead whale from Smeerenburg was one of the first settlements, established by the Dutch in At first the outposts were merely summer camps, but from the early s, a few individuals started to overwinter.

    Whaling at Spitsbergen lasted until the s, when the Dutch, British, and Danish whalers moved elsewhere in the Arctic.Download for Chrome.

    While the two are combined for the purposes of the International Organization for Standardization ISO category, they are not administratively related. This has further resulted in the country code top-level domain. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean under the sovereignty of Norway, but is subject to the special status granted by the Svalbard Treaty.

    Jan Mayen is a remote island in the Arctic Ocean; it has no permanent population and is administrated by the County Governor of Nordland. Svalbard and Jan Mayen have in common that they are the only integrated parts of Norway not allocated to counties. Its official language is Norwegian. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The archipelago is administrated by the Governor of Svalbardwhich is subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police.

    The Norwegian Meteorological Institute annexed the island for Norway in On 27 Februarythe island was made de jure a part of the Kingdom of Norway. Sincethe island has been administrated by the County Governor of Nordlandwith some authority delegated to the station commander.

    The ISO designation is congruent with an equivalent United Nations Statistics Division category and users of these classification systems may in some cases report separately for "Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands" instead of rolling up this information into the "Norway" category. However, for statistics use within population and trade, "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" essentially means just "Svalbard". The hierarchical administrative subdivision codes for Svalbard is SJ.

    Policy prohibits any registration with either of the domains, as institutions connected to Svalbard can use the. Norwegian authorities do not want to commercialize the domain resources, and therefore.

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    Login with Gmail. Login with Facebook. For the two separate territories, see Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Two parts of Norway under separate jurisdictions.While the two are combined for the purposes of the International Organization for Standardization ISO category, they are not administratively related.

    This has further resulted in the country code top-level domain. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean under the sovereignty of Norway, but is subject to the special status granted by the Svalbard Treaty. Jan Mayen is a remote island in the Arctic Ocean; it has no permanent population and is administrated by the County Governor of Nordland. Svalbard and Jan Mayen have in common that they are the only integrated parts of Norway not allocated to counties.

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    Its official language is Norwegian. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The archipelago is administrated by the Governor of Svalbardwhich is subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police. The Norwegian Meteorological Institute annexed the island for Norway in On 27 Februarythe island was made de jure a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

    Sincethe island has been administrated by the County Governor of Nordlandwith some authority delegated to the station commander. The ISO designation is congruent with an equivalent United Nations Statistics Division category and users of these classification systems may in some cases report separately for "Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands" instead of rolling up this information into the "Norway" category.

    However, for statistics use within population and trade, "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" essentially means just "Svalbard". The hierarchical administrative subdivision codes for Svalbard is SJ. Policy prohibits any registration with either of the domains, as institutions connected to Svalbard can use the.

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    Norwegian authorities do not want to commercialize the domain resources, and therefore. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the two separate territories, see Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Two parts of Norway under separate jurisdictions. Main article: Svalbard. Main article: Jan Mayen. Main article:. Norwegian Polar Institute. Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 4 March Retrieved 24 March Statistics Norway.

    svalbard and jan mayen islands flag

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    Television presenter and fitness guru, Davina McCall is keen to get the nation talking about sugar and here she shares her realistic tips and personal journey to becoming sugar-freeAs of today, how long have you been sugar-free.

    I had given up sugar for a couple of years previously, but then when I did my Sport Relief challenge I started eating it again. I was doing an awful lot of exercise and had to eat a lot of sugar in the form of liquid gels and carbohydrates - such as rice and pasta - to keep my energy up.

    What was it that made you decide to give up sugar. When my sister got cancer, the nutritionist told me that she should give up sugar and I found that quite telling. I did some research and realised I was a slave to it.

    Summer in Longyearbyen - Great photo locations - Svalbard Northernmost Norway

    Stop eating it and you stop mood swings, bad skin and weight gain. Did it make you grumpy. I was more prepared this time round though, and have, for the most part, managed to taper off my sweet tooth.

    Sugar-free to me means a diet free of refined sugar - things like processed foods and white flours, rice and bread. Has quitting sugar changed the way you think about food.

    I used to get stuck making the same 10 meals. Also, spelt or barley make delicious alternatives to risotto rice. What health benefits did you notice after giving up sugar.

    It definitely had an impact on my energy levels and my skin looks loads better. It took a while to get to that point but was worth the wait. What were the hardest times when you gave up sugar. How did you beat the cravings.

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    Just something to give me a sweet hit. Do you think success is all in the preparation. Do you avoid any fruits or natural sugars.

    However, fruit is a great snack to have. What alternatives do you use in baking. What would be your ultimate tip for anyone thinking of going sugar-free. The most important thing is not to beat yourself up if you slip - just pick it up again the next day. Be realistic, make sure you have something sweet but free of refined sugars in the fridge in case you get a craving. Whether you're looking for sweet substitutes, sugar-free baking guides or simply want to find out your recommended daily amounts find all the answers in our sugar hub:All you need to know about sugarStill struggling to get your head round sugar.

    Let us know your questions below and we'll do our best to help. Comments (11) Questions (2) Tips (0) I am one year today into a lifestyle change, gave up a HUGE addiction to sugar that had me stuffing my face with chocolate every night. I say this because I am very disappointed at how this article handles the topic, with no science around the process of giving it up, no clarity around what makes sugar unhealthy, and spreads myths about what is "sugar".

    Being "natural" means nothing. Poison Ivy is natural, doesn't mean you should eat it (I know I know hyperbole, but the point is that "natural" is just a marketing term). I am very passionate about this topic, as I have found the benefits of ending my sugar addiction to be extremely positive for my physical and mental health. I thought sugar was making my anxiety worse, and since giving it up I've noticed a huge positive change.

    I think more clearly, I'm less re-active when I feel upset, and I can focus for much longer periods of time, which really helps me at work.


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